Obedience and Conformity is shown many times throughout the movie and the book but here are a few. Everyone in Germany after the loss of WWI was devastated and they needed someone to repower the nation. It could have been anyone to step in and take charge but unfortunately it was Adolf Hitler. He had an alternative to bring them to power. He focused the loss of the war and all other problems in the country right on the shoulders of the Jews. He used the military and the threat of death to change the country to obey his disgusting ways. This took hold of the country and became the Holocaust. Another reason why they obeyed Hitler was because they feared the outcomes of communism. In the book the children obey their parents the same way they do in the movie, respectfully and not to interrupt them. Their parents expected complete respect and no questioning them at all or they would be punished. Also in both the book and the movie they had to move to a new house. Their father Ralph said they had to move and so they did. They changed in this way. Also when a guard tells a Jew to do a certain task they have to do it no questions asked. If they had not carried out these tasks in the way that the guard saw fit the guards could hit them taunt them or even kill them without punishment. Another way the author established the theme in the book was how before the holocaust Pavel was a doctor but because of Hitler he was sent to a German death camp to work. He had to conform from being a doctor to being a vegetable peeler for Bruno’s family. Gretel also conforms to Hitler’s rule. She took down all of her prized possession dolls for pictures of Hitler and Nazi supporting posters. She conformed to these changes to impress Lieutenant Kotler and to fit in with everyone else. Even Mother conforms to hate what her husband is doing like grandmother did. She would not talk to Ralph or anything because when they would talk it always turned into a fighting battle. She was always depressed also and did not dress the same. As soon as Germany lost WWI they made great changes to try to fix the country but these were all bad the led to the Holocaust
Nelson and group
One of the most famous examples of civil disobedience resulting in more peaceful and harmonious living, is when Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat on a bus to a white man. She did this during a time when segregation on public buses was a law in Alabama and Montgomery. Her actions, as well as actions of other people including famous ones like Martin Luther King Jr. and Jackie Robinson, began a protest known as the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Rosa Parks was arrested for breaking the segregation law. The boycott that followed resulted in a historic case called Browder v. Gayle. Eventually, during this case, the Supreme Court ruled that the laws in Alabama and Montgomery were unconstitutional.
In this day and age, people can sit wherever they want to in restaurants and on all types of public transportation. People of all different backgrounds and races use these ways to get where they are going such as work, recreation and leisure activities. These heroic acts of civil disobedience created a nature where basic freedoms are given to all people regardless of their race.
Another way that people have chosen to use civil disobedience stems from Pacifism. This is when people are in favor of peace and are against war and violence. The roots of Pacifism are founded in the Hindu and Buddhist religions. It was taught and followed by many others including Jesus Christ. The Protestant Reformation which began in the sixteenth century, started new varieties of what were called peace churches. Many of these can be seen in our immediate area such as the Amish and the Church of the Brethren. The Amish refuse to perform military service and do without many of the modern conveniences that most Americans enjoy. Despite these differences in belief systems and refusal to comply with the social norms, the Amish live in our neighboring communities without persecution. They travel into our communities as we do theirs to buy and sell goods in peace and harmony despite our differences.
Retrieved from Google Images
This uniform resembles Bruno’s fathers uniform the most. It has all of the buttons and trinkets like Bruno’s fathers. It also has the Nazi symbol band on the arm. In the army they have uniforms to come together as one. They are not doing these things for personal gain they are working for one reason, to help their cause. The uniforms also show organization in an army. They are consistent and the same. They all have the same tools that would be needed on the battlefield. They also show you who is a friend or foe. In the Jewish death camps they all wore the same thing so guards could tell if they were Jews. They also wore the same thing to show that the Jews were all the same and that no one Jew was different from the next. They were all equally pitiful to the Nazis. Their clothes in the story were all the same and they were terrible. They were ugly and dirty. They were like rags compared to the guards uniforms.
Uniforms also show placement in different positions. A high ranked officer would have a different uniform to show that they were above some people. But in the end you are all working for one cause.
Obedience can be very constructive or destructive and here are some examples. Ways for it being constructive are pretty much like our laws. They keep everyone in line and if you don’t follow these rules you will be punished. One example in the story is when Bruno and all the others are not allowed to go into his father’s office. It keeps Bruno from knowing the truth about his father’s job and how terrible it is. Obedience can also be very destructive. In the book, the Fury, Adolf Hitler, tries to re-inspire the tired and beaten country from World War I. He does this by putting all of the blame of the loss of World War I on the Jews. Almost everyone in the country believed in this which was called Nazism. They tried to eradicate the Jews from Germany by segregating them, boycotting Jewish shops, and making them wear David’s star. After the Jews did not leave Germany the Nazis started to get violent. They took the Jews from their home and their lives to concentration camps and death camps. In these they would be given very little food and often worked to death. People did these things just because one man said their problem was the Jews.
There are many ways in history where disobedience has been constructive but here are a few. One is fasting, One man named Mahatma Gandhi. He fought for India’s liberation from Britain. He organized boycotts and other ways of using civil disobedience.
Another man named Martin Luther King junior became the first black man to become a leader of a nonviolent demonstration of contemporary times in the US. He then created the bus boycott, they would not ride the busses. This boycott was nonviolent and lasted for 382 days. After this, Congress passed laws that would desegregate buses. During this time he was arrested, and his house was bombed. This would only further his cause. He also organized a peaceful march on Washington D.C where over 250,000 marched with him for his cause. He gave his ” I Have a Dream” speech in Washington D.C which influenced many people. He conferred with the president John F. Kennedy and campaigned with president Lyndon B. Johnson. He was the youngest man to ever win the nobel peace prize. He used the prize money to further his cause.
These were two very powerful movements that would go down in history as moments where cival disobedience has been constructive. They ignited a fire in everyone who heard of these influential people.