When Mother learns that Jews are being exterminated at the camp, she questions her husband. “How can you?” she asks. He responds: “Because I’m a solider.” Contrast these two perspectives.

                Mother disagrees with what Father and the other soldiers are doing to the Jews. She feels it is wrong and that her husband shouldn’t be part of it. Mother questions her husband and asks him how he could do something as cruel as that. “It’s horrible, just horrible. I can’t stand it anymore” Mother says to Father. She feels this is his assignment and that she and the children shouldn’t be a part of it.

Father however, feels that what he is doing is helping the country. Father and the other soldiers believe that if they do this to the Jews they will make Germany pure again. “We don’t have any choice,” said Father. “This is our assignment.” Father is trying to respect the Fury and do what he tells him to do because he has plans for Father and also because the Fury is more powerful than Father. If Mother and the kids leave, Father thinks people will think worse of him because his family isn’t committed to the work he has to do. He feels people might start asking him questions about his commitment to the work. Father calls what is doing work while Mother doesn’t look at it that way.

                There is more ways to view these two perspectives through both Mother and Father’s eyes.



Gretel believes the viempoints of Lieutenant Kotler, the tutor Liszt, and father about Jews. Although Bruno is younger then his sister, he questins there viewpoints.Why?

I think Bruno questions their viewpoints because inside he knows something doesn’t seem right. Also because he sees the way mother is acting about moving and what father and Germany are doing to the Jews. He also hears part of the big fight that his father and grandmother have about him being proud of him getting his rank bumped up.

I think Brunos instincts tell him that what his father is doing is wrong, just from the atmosphere. Like when his mother starts to cry and says they never should have had the Fury for supper. Also when he hears his father and grandmother fighting and his grandmother telling his father that he should be ashamed of what he is doing. Another way he when he arrives at Out-With and he sees the people on the other side of the fence all wearing stripped pajamas.Bruno also sees that his friend Shmuel, who lives on the other side of the fence, keeps getting skinnier and skinnier, and that he can never come over on his side of the fence to play because he is not allowed. He also sees Lieutentant Kotler kill Pavel right in front of him and nobody even tries to stop him, which Bruno thinks is very weird. I think the reason Gretel believes Lieutentant Kotler and fathers viewpoints is because she barely ever leaves the inside of her house and she is never around the Jews like Bruno is.


Father tries to use guilt to get mother to change her opposition to his involment in the exterminations

When Father tries to use guilt to change mothers opposition for his involvement on slavery, it does work in a way. I do not think mother was going to go with it at first, but when father had Adolf Hitler  (A.K.A The Fury) over for supper she saw how serious it was, and I think she became almost forced to do it.

The reason mother did not want to do it was because father was working in a concentration camp, and its one of the worst of them, and that meant father was going to kill hundreds of people a day which mother didn’t really think was right. But when the leader of Germany came to their house, I think it was a message to the family of how serious this was and how bad the consequences to the whole family would be if they did not do this. Another reason mother probably did not want to do it was because it meant that their kids would be growing up in a place where they would see people dieing and suffering for there whole life. But when she relizes that it might be healthier for the kids if they do go to Out-With, then not to go and them being the ones who are dying an suffering.


The origin of Hitler’s salute and how it was used in Hitler’s Germany.

The Hitler’s salute was a gesture of greeting in Nazi Germany usually accompanied by saying, Heil Hitler. Characteristic of a cult of personality, it was adopted in the 1930s by the Nazi Party to signal obedience to the party’s leader Adolf Hitler and to glorify the German nation and later the war effort. The salute was mandatory for civilians but mostly optional for military personnel. Use of this salute is currently a criminal offence in Germany, Austria, and the Czech Republic.

To perform this salute, it was required to extend the right arm to at least eye level, straighten the hand so that it is parallel to the arm and say emphatically Heil Hitler. If physical disability prevented raising the right arm, it was acceptable to raise thee left.

The oral greeting Heil became popular in the pan-German movement around 1900. The salute gesture is widely believed to be based on an ancient Roman custom. Autumn 1923, some members of the Nazi Party were using the rigid, outstretched right arm salute to greet their leader, and the leader responded by raising his own right hand crooked back at the elbow, palm opened upwards, in a gesture of acceptance. In 1926 the Heil Hitler salute was made compulsory. It functioned as a display of commitment to the Party and a declaration of principle to the outside world. Yet the drive to gain acceptance did not go unchallenged. Some party members challenged the legitimacy of the so-called Roman salute, employed by Fascist Italy, as not Germanic. In response, efforts were made to establish its pedigree by inventing a tradition after the fact


Hitler’s salute. (2013). Wikipedia. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nazi_salute


Grandmother disagrees with the views of the Nazis. How does she stand up for her beliefs?

\Grandmother states her opinion very well, especially in chapter 8. Bruno talks about how he hasn’t seen his grandmother in a while, and how it’s all because of this one argument. On Christmas, Bruno’s father wore his Nazi uniform to dinner, and Bruno’s mother and grandfather were congratulating him and saying they were very proud of him. Grandmother, on the other hand, was not happy at all. She shook her head in disgust and asked her son where she went wrong. Bruno’s father argued back saying that this was the wrong time and place to talk, but that made Grandmother talk louder. She kept saying that it is wrong and that Bruno’s father should be embarrassed of what he does. Also, that she thinks it is awful and asked how they could torture such people. Bruno’s mother ordered Bruno and Gretel upstairs, and shortly after, Grandmother grabbed her coat and left the house. After that, nothing has been the same. Grandmother was not at all afraid to speak her opinion to her son, and she didn’t care whether he liked it or not. You could clearly tell that she despised the Nazis and what they did. She said she was ashamed of what he did, and it makes her sick, especially the people Bruno’s father has over for dinner. Overall she blamed it on herself, not Bruno’s father. She says it’s her fault that he joined the nazis because of how she dressed him up when he was a young boy. Anyway, that is how she described her beliefs, and it’s pretty obvious that she does not like the Nazis.



What is peer pressure? Have you been in situations in which you felt compelled to go along with a group? Describe those situations and why you acted as you did.

Peer pressure, it happens everywhere, all the time. To me, peer pressure is persuading someone to do something, and once they do it, the group accepts them. Whether the situation is good or bad. I have been in many situations where peer pressure was present in the situation. For example, when I was little, I used to go to the playground a lot during the summer. All of the neighborhood kids used to go there; I remember this one time in particular. I was swinging on the swing-set with a couple of my friends and this boy came up to us and asked if he could swing too. My one friend told him that the only way he could swing is if he steals popsicles from the freezer for each of us. At first, the boy said no, but my friend persuaded him to do it more and more, and he finally did. Another example is drugs, smoking, drinking etc. Many teenagers are pressured into doing drugs every day, a big reason why is because they want to be accepted, to be “cool”. Last year, I was invited to a party. Everyone was talking about it, mainly because there were going to be no parents and alcohol. Instead of going I said no, because I knew what would likely happen if I did go.  Also, the consequences of what could happen if something went wrong. The day after the party, I heard that the parents found out about there being alcohol, all the kids’ parents were called and basically every kid that showed up got grounded. So make sure you know what the consequences are before you do something, especially if someone else wants you to do it.