Obedience and Conformity is shown many times throughout the movie and the book but here are a few. Everyone in Germany after the loss of WWI was devastated and they needed someone to repower the nation. It could have been anyone to step in and take charge but unfortunately it was Adolf Hitler. He had an alternative to bring them to power. He focused the loss of the war and all other problems in the country right on the shoulders of the Jews. He used the military and the threat of death to change the country to obey his disgusting ways. This took hold of the country and became the Holocaust. Another reason why they obeyed Hitler was because they feared the outcomes of communism. In the book the children obey their parents the same way they do in the movie, respectfully and not to interrupt them. Their parents expected complete respect and no questioning them at all or they would be punished. Also in both the book and the movie they had to move to a new house. Their father Ralph said they had to move and so they did. They changed in this way. Also when a guard tells a Jew to do a certain task they have to do it no questions asked. If they had not carried out these tasks in the way that the guard saw fit the guards could hit them taunt them or even kill them without punishment. Another way the author established the theme in the book was how before the holocaust Pavel was a doctor but because of Hitler he was sent to a German death camp to work. He had to conform from being a doctor to being a vegetable peeler for Bruno’s family. Gretel also conforms to Hitler’s rule. She took down all of her prized possession dolls for pictures of Hitler and Nazi supporting posters. She conformed to these changes to impress Lieutenant Kotler and to fit in with everyone else. Even Mother conforms to hate what her husband is doing like grandmother did. She would not talk to Ralph or anything because when they would talk it always turned into a fighting battle. She was always depressed also and did not dress the same. As soon as Germany lost WWI they made great changes to try to fix the country but these were all bad the led to the Holocaust
Nelson and group
Our groups theme was used a couple times in the book. I believe that our theme was somewhat essential to the book because the characters are constantly changing and obeying what others, mostly Hitler, are telling them to do. The author was really effective in developing our theme in the book. “Mother,’ he insisted. ‘What’s going on? Are we moving (Boyne, 2007, p.2)?” And that is exactly what they did. Bruno, Mother, Father, and Gretel all moved from their home in Berlin to Out-With. Another example of how they had to change was of how soldiers would come in and out of their house as if they owned the place. Bruno had to obey and not interrupt Mother when she was talking but he disobeyed her anyway. “You’ll have to say goodbye to your friends for the time being,’ said Mother. ‘Although I’m sure you’ll see them again in time. And don’t you interrupt your mother when she’s talking, please,’ she added (Boyne, 2007, p. 7).” Another example of when they had to obey was to obey Hitler. Since Father was a soldier, Hitler ordered him to move him and his family to Out-With to be closer to the concentration camp of Auschwitz. Ever since they moved to Out-With, there has been soldiers guarding the house and the soldiers have been moving freely inside the house. Bruno also has to change because he had to move away from his friends, Daniel, Martin, and Karl, and he doesn’t have anyone to play with, making him bored. Until he found Shmuel and could talk to him whenever he could, but they didn’t get to touch until they shook each others hands. Also, Gretel changed in the book. Gretel used to like dolls. She had many dolls she would arrange then rearrange. But after being at Out-With for a while, Gretel changed from liking dolls to not liking them, until she finally put pictures up in her room about the Fatherland and the war.
The author’s purpose for putting obedience and conformity into the book was to show all of the changes Bruno and his family went through and of how they all had to obey to what they were supposed to do, like to obey Hitler in moving to Out-With. I believe the author did accomplish what he wanted to accomplish with our theme of obedience and conformity. Without the author accomplishing obedience and conformity, the book may have been the same throughout the book and would have had no rules.
~Regan and Group
Mother disagrees with what Father and the other soldiers are doing to the Jews. She feels it is wrong and that her husband shouldn’t be part of it. Mother questions her husband and asks him how he could do something as cruel as that. “It’s horrible, just horrible. I can’t stand it anymore” Mother says to Father. She feels this is his assignment and that she and the children shouldn’t be a part of it.
Father however, feels that what he is doing is helping the country. Father and the other soldiers believe that if they do this to the Jews they will make Germany pure again. “We don’t have any choice,” said Father. “This is our assignment.” Father is trying to respect the Fury and do what he tells him to do because he has plans for Father and also because the Fury is more powerful than Father. If Mother and the kids leave, Father thinks people will think worse of him because his family isn’t committed to the work he has to do. He feels people might start asking him questions about his commitment to the work. Father calls what is doing work while Mother doesn’t look at it that way.
There is more ways to view these two perspectives through both Mother and Father’s eyes.
One of the most famous examples of civil disobedience resulting in more peaceful and harmonious living, is when Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat on a bus to a white man. She did this during a time when segregation on public buses was a law in Alabama and Montgomery. Her actions, as well as actions of other people including famous ones like Martin Luther King Jr. and Jackie Robinson, began a protest known as the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Rosa Parks was arrested for breaking the segregation law. The boycott that followed resulted in a historic case called Browder v. Gayle. Eventually, during this case, the Supreme Court ruled that the laws in Alabama and Montgomery were unconstitutional.
In this day and age, people can sit wherever they want to in restaurants and on all types of public transportation. People of all different backgrounds and races use these ways to get where they are going such as work, recreation and leisure activities. These heroic acts of civil disobedience created a nature where basic freedoms are given to all people regardless of their race.
Another way that people have chosen to use civil disobedience stems from Pacifism. This is when people are in favor of peace and are against war and violence. The roots of Pacifism are founded in the Hindu and Buddhist religions. It was taught and followed by many others including Jesus Christ. The Protestant Reformation which began in the sixteenth century, started new varieties of what were called peace churches. Many of these can be seen in our immediate area such as the Amish and the Church of the Brethren. The Amish refuse to perform military service and do without many of the modern conveniences that most Americans enjoy. Despite these differences in belief systems and refusal to comply with the social norms, the Amish live in our neighboring communities without persecution. They travel into our communities as we do theirs to buy and sell goods in peace and harmony despite our differences.
Retrieved from Google Images
This uniform resembles Bruno’s fathers uniform the most. It has all of the buttons and trinkets like Bruno’s fathers. It also has the Nazi symbol band on the arm. In the army they have uniforms to come together as one. They are not doing these things for personal gain they are working for one reason, to help their cause. The uniforms also show organization in an army. They are consistent and the same. They all have the same tools that would be needed on the battlefield. They also show you who is a friend or foe. In the Jewish death camps they all wore the same thing so guards could tell if they were Jews. They also wore the same thing to show that the Jews were all the same and that no one Jew was different from the next. They were all equally pitiful to the Nazis. Their clothes in the story were all the same and they were terrible. They were ugly and dirty. They were like rags compared to the guards uniforms.
Uniforms also show placement in different positions. A high ranked officer would have a different uniform to show that they were above some people. But in the end you are all working for one cause.
Obedience can be very constructive or destructive and here are some examples. Ways for it being constructive are pretty much like our laws. They keep everyone in line and if you don’t follow these rules you will be punished. One example in the story is when Bruno and all the others are not allowed to go into his father’s office. It keeps Bruno from knowing the truth about his father’s job and how terrible it is. Obedience can also be very destructive. In the book, the Fury, Adolf Hitler, tries to re-inspire the tired and beaten country from World War I. He does this by putting all of the blame of the loss of World War I on the Jews. Almost everyone in the country believed in this which was called Nazism. They tried to eradicate the Jews from Germany by segregating them, boycotting Jewish shops, and making them wear David’s star. After the Jews did not leave Germany the Nazis started to get violent. They took the Jews from their home and their lives to concentration camps and death camps. In these they would be given very little food and often worked to death. People did these things just because one man said their problem was the Jews.
I think Bruno questions their viewpoints because inside he knows something doesn’t seem right. Also because he sees the way mother is acting about moving and what father and Germany are doing to the Jews. He also hears part of the big fight that his father and grandmother have about him being proud of him getting his rank bumped up.
I think Brunos instincts tell him that what his father is doing is wrong, just from the atmosphere. Like when his mother starts to cry and says they never should have had the Fury for supper. Also when he hears his father and grandmother fighting and his grandmother telling his father that he should be ashamed of what he is doing. Another way he when he arrives at Out-With and he sees the people on the other side of the fence all wearing stripped pajamas.Bruno also sees that his friend Shmuel, who lives on the other side of the fence, keeps getting skinnier and skinnier, and that he can never come over on his side of the fence to play because he is not allowed. He also sees Lieutentant Kotler kill Pavel right in front of him and nobody even tries to stop him, which Bruno thinks is very weird. I think the reason Gretel believes Lieutentant Kotler and fathers viewpoints is because she barely ever leaves the inside of her house and she is never around the Jews like Bruno is.