Father tries to use guilt to get mother to change her opposition to his involment in the exterminations

When Father tries to use guilt to change mothers opposition for his involvement on slavery, it does work in a way. I do not think mother was going to go with it at first, but when father had Adolf Hitler  (A.K.A The Fury) over for supper she saw how serious it was, and I think she became almost forced to do it.

The reason mother did not want to do it was because father was working in a concentration camp, and its one of the worst of them, and that meant father was going to kill hundreds of people a day which mother didn’t really think was right. But when the leader of Germany came to their house, I think it was a message to the family of how serious this was and how bad the consequences to the whole family would be if they did not do this. Another reason mother probably did not want to do it was because it meant that their kids would be growing up in a place where they would see people dieing and suffering for there whole life. But when she relizes that it might be healthier for the kids if they do go to Out-With, then not to go and them being the ones who are dying an suffering.



Explain what Mother means when she says, “we don’t have the luxury of thinking” (pg. 13). How does this statement reflect the theme of obedience and conformity? Use additional examples from the story to support your answer.

When said, “we don’t have the luxury of thinking” told by Mother, this means that Mother, Bruno, and Gretel all aren’t allowed to make their own decisions, so some people, Father, made all the decisions for them. Mother, Gretel, and Bruno (mostly Bruno) didn’t want to move to this new house outside of Berlin but they had no choice, they were practically “forced” to move to Poland. Mother and Father probably should’ve talked about leaving and moving to this different house in Poland but Father didn’t want to say no to the Fury, Hitler. So Father went ahead and didn’t ask Mother, Bruno, and Gretel what they thought (“we don’t have the luxury to think”).

This statement that has been made reflects to the theme of obedience and conformity because Mother, Father, Bruno, and Gretel all had to change and start living in their new house in Poland and change with all the ways their family is changing. Like how Father is now to be called Commandant. And also Mother, Bruno, and Gretel had to obey Father and they all had to obey Hitler’s orders to move because Father was a soldier for the Nazi’s and Hitler wanted him to move closer to the concentration camps, probably so it was easier for Father to get there quicker. Some examples supporting my statement would include: “When they first saw their new house Bruno’s eyes opened wide, his mouth made the shape of an O and his arms stretched out at his sides once again.  Everything about it seemed to be the exact opposite of their old home and he couldn’t believe that they were really going to live there.” Another example includes: ” ‘But what about school?’ said Bruno, interrupting her, a thing he knew he was not supposed to do but which he felt he would be forgiven for on this occasion.”


The origin of Hitler’s salute and how it was used in Hitler’s Germany.

The Hitler’s salute was a gesture of greeting in Nazi Germany usually accompanied by saying, Heil Hitler. Characteristic of a cult of personality, it was adopted in the 1930s by the Nazi Party to signal obedience to the party’s leader Adolf Hitler and to glorify the German nation and later the war effort. The salute was mandatory for civilians but mostly optional for military personnel. Use of this salute is currently a criminal offence in Germany, Austria, and the Czech Republic.

To perform this salute, it was required to extend the right arm to at least eye level, straighten the hand so that it is parallel to the arm and say emphatically Heil Hitler. If physical disability prevented raising the right arm, it was acceptable to raise thee left.

The oral greeting Heil became popular in the pan-German movement around 1900. The salute gesture is widely believed to be based on an ancient Roman custom. Autumn 1923, some members of the Nazi Party were using the rigid, outstretched right arm salute to greet their leader, and the leader responded by raising his own right hand crooked back at the elbow, palm opened upwards, in a gesture of acceptance. In 1926 the Heil Hitler salute was made compulsory. It functioned as a display of commitment to the Party and a declaration of principle to the outside world. Yet the drive to gain acceptance did not go unchallenged. Some party members challenged the legitimacy of the so-called Roman salute, employed by Fascist Italy, as not Germanic. In response, efforts were made to establish its pedigree by inventing a tradition after the fact


Hitler’s salute. (2013). Wikipedia. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nazi_salute


Grandmother disagrees with the views of the Nazis. How does she stand up for her beliefs?

\Grandmother states her opinion very well, especially in chapter 8. Bruno talks about how he hasn’t seen his grandmother in a while, and how it’s all because of this one argument. On Christmas, Bruno’s father wore his Nazi uniform to dinner, and Bruno’s mother and grandfather were congratulating him and saying they were very proud of him. Grandmother, on the other hand, was not happy at all. She shook her head in disgust and asked her son where she went wrong. Bruno’s father argued back saying that this was the wrong time and place to talk, but that made Grandmother talk louder. She kept saying that it is wrong and that Bruno’s father should be embarrassed of what he does. Also, that she thinks it is awful and asked how they could torture such people. Bruno’s mother ordered Bruno and Gretel upstairs, and shortly after, Grandmother grabbed her coat and left the house. After that, nothing has been the same. Grandmother was not at all afraid to speak her opinion to her son, and she didn’t care whether he liked it or not. You could clearly tell that she despised the Nazis and what they did. She said she was ashamed of what he did, and it makes her sick, especially the people Bruno’s father has over for dinner. Overall she blamed it on herself, not Bruno’s father. She says it’s her fault that he joined the nazis because of how she dressed him up when he was a young boy. Anyway, that is how she described her beliefs, and it’s pretty obvious that she does not like the Nazis.



List examples in history where cival disobedience has been constructive.

There are many ways in history where disobedience has been constructive but here are a few. One is fasting, One man named Mahatma Gandhi. He fought for India’s liberation from Britain. He organized boycotts  and other ways of using civil disobedience.

Another man named Martin Luther King junior became the first black man to become a leader of a nonviolent demonstration of contemporary times in the US. He then created the bus boycott, they would not ride the busses. This boycott was nonviolent and lasted for 382 days. After this, Congress passed laws that would desegregate buses. During this time he was arrested, and his house was bombed. This would only further his cause. He also organized a peaceful march on Washington D.C where over 250,000 marched with him for his cause. He gave his ” I Have a Dream” speech in Washington D.C which influenced many people. He conferred with the president John F. Kennedy and campaigned with president Lyndon B. Johnson. He was the youngest man to ever win the nobel peace prize. He used the prize money to further his cause.

These were two very powerful movements that would go down in history as moments where cival disobedience has been constructive.  They ignited a fire in everyone who heard of these influential people.


What is peer pressure? Have you been in situations in which you felt compelled to go along with a group? Describe those situations and why you acted as you did.

Peer pressure, it happens everywhere, all the time. To me, peer pressure is persuading someone to do something, and once they do it, the group accepts them. Whether the situation is good or bad. I have been in many situations where peer pressure was present in the situation. For example, when I was little, I used to go to the playground a lot during the summer. All of the neighborhood kids used to go there; I remember this one time in particular. I was swinging on the swing-set with a couple of my friends and this boy came up to us and asked if he could swing too. My one friend told him that the only way he could swing is if he steals popsicles from the freezer for each of us. At first, the boy said no, but my friend persuaded him to do it more and more, and he finally did. Another example is drugs, smoking, drinking etc. Many teenagers are pressured into doing drugs every day, a big reason why is because they want to be accepted, to be “cool”. Last year, I was invited to a party. Everyone was talking about it, mainly because there were going to be no parents and alcohol. Instead of going I said no, because I knew what would likely happen if I did go.  Also, the consequences of what could happen if something went wrong. The day after the party, I heard that the parents found out about there being alcohol, all the kids’ parents were called and basically every kid that showed up got grounded. So make sure you know what the consequences are before you do something, especially if someone else wants you to do it.


What is propaganda? How is propaganda used to “sell” people on a viewpoint?

  1. Propaganda is a term that means writing that is one-sided, biased, the spreading of ideas and information, rumors, and are often misleading.  Propaganda could also be considered an opinion.
  2. Sometimes, propaganda is used to “sell” people on a viewpoint by different articles such as newspapers, magazines, books, media, art, music, etc. and the propaganda that is used in those specific articles would try to lead the reader to that one side that the author is trying to get you to join.  The hope for the author would be that that one reader would tell his or her friends about it and try to get their certain friends on “board” so that the author could spread his or her propaganda around the world.  The goal in the end for the author who is trying to spread the propaganda would be that every person in the whole country, or even the whole world, would join his or her group (which would be highly unlikely).  Media would probably be the biggest propaganda “seller” above all because mostly all people use media every single day. Whether you watch TV, use an iPod, have a phone, use a laptop, etc. you would be using media.  Music and art would be another big propaganda “seller” because in music and art, you can express your feelings.